Freetown is the capital and largest city of Sierra Leone.
Freetown It is a major port city on the Atlantic Ocean and is located in the Western urban Area of the country, it is known for its beaches and historical role in the transatlantic slave trade.
In Freetown the old town’s centuries-old Cotton Tree is a symbol of emancipation. On the waterfront is the King’s Yard Gate, through which former slaves walked to freedom. The Sierra Leone National Museum includes exhibits relating to the 19th-century military leader Bai Bureh.
The population of Freetown is religiously diverse both ethnically and culturally. The city is home to a significant population of all of Sierra Leone’s ethnic groups, with no single ethnic group forming more than 29% of the city’s population. As in virtually all parts of Sierra Leone, the Krio language is Freetown’s primary language of communication and is by far the most widely spoken language in the city. It is Sierra Leone’s major urban, economic, financial, cultural, educational and political centre, as it is the seat of the Government of Sierra Leone. The population of Freetown is 1,055,964 at the 2015 census and has an area of 81.48 km²
The city’s economy revolves largely around its harbour, which occupies a part of the estuary of the Sierra Leone River in one of the world’s largest natural deep water harbours.
The city of Freetown was founded on March 11, 1792 by Lieutenant John Clarkson, the African American ex-slaves and some free people who were called the Nova Scotian Settlers that were transported to Sierra Leone by the Sierra Leone Company in 1792. The city of Freetown was a haven for free-born and freed African American, Liberated African and Caribbean settlers; and their descendants are known as the Creole people. Freetown is the oldest capital to be founded by African Americans, having been founded thirty years before Monrovia, Liberia and is noted for its unique Creole architecture reflecting American and Caribbean influences.
Freetown is locally governed by the Freetown City Council, headed by a mayor. The mayor and members of the Freetown City Council are directly elected by the residents of Freetown in an election held every four years. The current mayor of Freetown is Yvonne Aki Sawyerr, who was sworn in on May 11, 2018, after her victory in the 2018 Freetown Mayoral election. The Freetown city council has its own municipal police force.
The city of Freetown is divided into three municipal regions; the East End, Central, and the West End, which in tu
rn are divided into 8 electoral wards: East I, East II, East III, Central I, Central II, West I, West II, and West III. The East End is both the most populous, and the most densely populous of the three regions within Freetown.